Music is believed to be originated along with human being and transformed in to many types according to the cultures. Music in India came along with the Vedic traditions dating back to thousands of years.
Hindustani Shaastreey Sangeet diverged from Carnatic sangeet as it attained a systematic structured and singing style. The central notions in both these systems are that of a melodic mode or RAAGA, sung to a rhythmic cycle or TAAL.The tradition continued from the ancient ritual chants of Vedas. Chanting of Hymns of Vedas in melodious style given Indian Classical Music a base. These principles have been refined and given a structure in “Naatyashaastra” by Bharata.
Indian classical Music has influences of Persian music. Amir Khusro a Sufi composer has the significant influence. In Moghul kings courts, Indian Classical Music emerged in to popular forms of music in India. The noted contribution of “Taansen” revolutionized music in India and Indian classical Music. After the 16th century, the singing styles diversified into different Gharanas patronized in different princely courts. Around 1900, Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande consolidated the musical structures of Hindustani classical music into a number of Thaats / Ɵa: t /. In the 20th century, the noted contributions of Omkarnath Thakur,Allah Dia Khan Sahed ,Abdul Karim Khan ,Pdt. Neelkanth Buva ,DV Paluskar ,Bade Gulam Ali Khan and Ustaad Amir Khaan, Hindustani classical music has attained a new height and emerged in to finest forms and become popular across the world.
Indian classical music has seven basic notes, SA RE GA MA PA DHA NI, with five interspersed half-notes called KOMAL SWAR, resulting in a 12-note scale.